Hedging Currency Risk
SET THE EXCHANGE RATE FOR DIRECT AND REVERSE TRANSACTIONS
Currency Swap, for example: Your business cycle at certain stages implies the need of dollar sale and euro purchase, taking the reverse exchange from euros to dollars afterwards. In order to avoid the costs of a double currency exchange (counter operations on the exchange of currencies) and natural risks caused by exchange rate ﬂuctuations, you can enter the currency swap.
Currency swap involves the simultaneous agreement on two transactions; in our example, the ﬁrst transaction is to buy the euros and the second to sell them back for dollars some time later. Therefore, the exchange rates for the ﬁrst and the second transactions are set in advance and already known. Consequently, you can adjust the expenditure part of the business cycle for the relevant costs while planning your work.
Accordingly, the currency risk is fully passed on to the bank.